What is Grammar

What is Grammar? Everything You Need to Know

The term Grammar refers to the set of structural rules which control the composition of clauses, words, and phrases in linguistics. Again Grammar is a study of these rules and structures that include many other segments within it. Fluent speakers of a particular language have a set of personalized rules to use these compositions of words and different forms of speech; this forms the language’s Grammar. Children from their young age learn to speak their native language using the internalized rules of each language’s unique regulations and forms of speech, therefore developing their hold on that language’s Grammar and vocabulary. 

Grammar
Grammar

Grammar can be described to be the representative for a particular linguistic behavior of a group of speakers and writers. Different languages have different grammatical rules which they follow to communicate with each other and also write with the help of it. The English It might refer to the whole of the language’s Grammar, or it may refer to the typical variation in the Grammar of the different speakers of the English language. 

The word Grammar is derived from the ancient Greek words grammatikē tékhnē, which means the craft of letters. Hence Grammar can be defined in other words as the study of words, the method of using these words in different sentences and how they can change the meaning of a situation. 

Grammar According to Different Languages

Different languages have different Grammar according to their native places or the way people communicate. Many European languages have a similar usage of words, and hence their Grammar is identical in a lot of ways. 

One of the differences between the Grammars of different languages is the usage of italics and suffixes. In the English language, suffixes are mainly used to describe the tense and plural form of verbs and words. But for the word’s ending in other European languages carry a different meaning.

Another difference is the way the words are placed in a sentence; this is called Word Order. Romance languages usually use the nouns before the adjectives they use to refer to the nouns. For example, in English, a person can say I like tall buildings, but in Spanish, it becomes, Me gustan los edificios altos. 

Here the placement of the words is changed when the sentence is translated from English to Spanish. This is because the Grammar of English and Spanish are very different from each other, and each of these languages has different rules.

Types of Grammar

Here are some major grammar’s type which will help you understand better.

Word level Grammar

In word-level Grammar, there are nine different types of words to form and frame a sentence in English. They are Parts of Speech; they are:

Nouns

They denote any particular object or things that you see and talk about in your day to day life. for example, table, chair, fan, sofa, etc.

Nouns can denote abstract things and can modify verbs as well. For example, the verb inspire becomes inspiration which is a noun. 

Verbs

Words that describe an action are termed as a verb. For example, he is running back home, here the word “running” is the verb. 

The basic form of a verb is called infinitive, and the variations in these infinitives create verb tenses. For example, the past tense is becomes was.

Adjectives

The word which describes the noun in a sentence is termed as an adjective. For example, in the sentence “blue umbrella”, blue is the adjective which tells us about the color of the umbrella. 

Adverbs

Adverbs give us a detailed explanation of the verb or adjective used in the sentence. For example, happily, eagerly, loudly, etc. 

Determiners

These are the words that point to the noun in a sentence. For example, this, that, etc. 

Prepositions

Prepositions are to express the relationship of the noun or pronoun to any other word. For example, at, in, on, etc. 

Pronouns

Proper nouns are those nouns that denote the name of a specific person, place, or thing. For example, New York is the name of a place; John is the name of a person. 

Conjunctions

These are, to join two parts of a sentence. For example, and, but, because, etc.

Interjunctions

These are short explanations, in a sentence with no specific meaning or grammatical value. For example, ah, dear, er, etc.

Sentence Level Grammar’s

Some Levels of sentences to make a better sense.

Phrases

A group of words put together to make the simplest sense. It does not contain any subject or verb. 

Clauses

A group of words put together to form a sentence having a subject and a verb.

Sentence Structure

Sentence structure is based on four types, Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-complex. 

Types of Sentences

There are four types of sentences, Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamative. 

Linguistic

Linguists study the many varieties of a language and also compare them with other languages. For example,

Comparative

Comparison of the Grammar of different languages. 

Descriptive

Usage of different grammatical parts to explain a sentence.

Lexico

Framing of words to create meaning in a sentence.

Universal

The debate between people on the theory that every child is born with a certain concept of Grammar. 

Pedagogical

Instructing students to learn a specific type of Grammar by school teachers. 

Conclusion

Therefore, Grammar is the system of a language that is uses to communicate with each other in different regions of the world. Different languages have different rules which make those languages understandable and readable by the people who know that specific language. It give a clear explanation of the thoughts and ideas a person wants to share with others who speak the same language. Hence Grammar can be the main ingredient for any sort of communication in any language.

See also: Top 6 Tools to Convert Word to JPG Instantly

About the Author: John Watson

Hello mates! I'm John and I absolutely love playing with words. I can eat, sleep and breathe it! That's the primary reason for starting this website, that I can share the cool information that I have learnt about words and vocabulary over the years. Hope you like it. ^_^

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